MOJO Short Interviews

Is News Untrustworthy? – A3

While reading chapter two of the textbook, I realized that there are several key things found in the Digital News Report that coincide with my interviews. Additionally, it was interesting to note the difference in answers in relation to the age of the participants that were interviewed. 

            One of the striking results found in the study that deals with the age difference and gap is the decline in social media usage. The 2019 study found that around the United States, there is a six percent decrease in usage of social media platforms. The study claims that most of this is specially attributed to the lack of sharing and posting to the site Facebook. This, in my opinion, is the reason as to why Twitter is the most important media platform, especially since younger generations are beginning to rise through the ranks and take over media positions. This was a proponent in my interviews, as well, as it was clearly obvious that Facebook was the dominant platform in older adults, while those under 30 trended towards Twitter and Instagram. 

            Another statistic found in the study was the correlation of trusting the media being surprisingly low and interviewees believing most of the news is rather negative. Across the four interviews I conducted, all of the individuals said in great detail how, in their minds, most of today’s news is strictly negative (one even mentioned the term “if it bleeds, it leads”). This compares naturally with Digital News Report, where only 44% of the surveyed population believe that news is both trustworthy and watchable. Many of my interview subjects also branched out to explain how they lack trust in the media. The study agrees. In fact, the study found that over half of the world (54%) are concerned with distinguishing real news or news that is fake. This is a problem that, to me, must be fixed. For news to be news, we must not have series that convey opinions or expectations, but rather a simple acknowledgement of the facts. 

            Finally, the third and most striking difference between age groups during interviews was the ability to convey intelligence. It was significantly easier to extract information from the older of the four interview participants (whom were fans more of “old time” media, such as newspapers and 6:00 pm television) while most of the answers from the younger generation derived from what they saw on social media and not necessarily factual. Like Digital News Report illustrates, in the years 2018 and 2019, the higher people in news literacy would prefer reading text from either a newspaper or online article, rather than listening to a television program or social media post. It is unfathomable to me that a simple newspaper would be the greatest source of information, but the study also exclaims that most news from newspaper includes local news, which, for the most part, includes balance and fairness. 

            Reading the textbook and conducting these interviews truly opened me to a new level of understanding as to how generations differ in their usage of media and social networking. Although arguments can be made for both print and digital media platforms, it is paramount to incorporate both into the news landscape so one can be better served to develop a concise opinion and not be swayed by erroneous reporting. 

After learning an additional amount of material pertaining to law, ethics and social media on top of what I already knew, I came to the conclusion that there are numerous interesting aspects when it comes to these topics. Many people don’t seem to have a grasp on the difference between law and ethics, and social media has become a monstrous factor in day to day life. 

            In my learnings, it is obvious that to the naked eye, law and ethics seem to be the same because of one specific reason: both should be practices religiously by human beings.  However, law and ethics are incredibly different. A law is something that must be followed no matter what the case; otherwise, prosecution of the individual who broke the law can occur. On the other hand, ethics are what, to many, a person should do, or what the cultural “norm” would be. For instance, it is expected that during class, to ask a question or make a comment, one should raise his/her hand. With that being said, it the person does not do this, they can’t be charged with any misdemeanors or federal because this is not in writing. On the other hand, if a person is driving down the road and is going 90 miles per hour in a 60 zone, this is breaking the law and can cause a speeding ticket or a charge for reckless driving. 

            There also is another important distinction to make in the case of ethics: what is ethical to some may not be ethical to others. Because of different and contrasting cultures within the United States and the remainder of the world, people have different opinions and ideologies of what is right and wrong. In speaking of religion, Catholics believe going to church and worshiping God is incredibly necessary, thus those who don’t attend church are not followers of God. To counter, an Atheist, for example does not believe this. Instead, Atheists do not believe in God and don’t feel like one should be frowned upon in this belief. Other examples of different ethics include the argument to pay college athletes, whether college is necessary to attend, and if social media is something everyone should have and regularly use. 

Law and Ethics – A4

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

After learning an additional amount of material pertaining to law, ethics and social media on top of what I already knew, I came to the conclusion that there are numerous interesting aspects when it comes to these topics. Many people don’t seem to have a grasp on the difference between law and ethics, and social media has become a monstrous factor in day to day life. 

            In my learnings, it is obvious that to the naked eye, law and ethics seem to be the same because of one specific reason: both should be practices religiously by human beings.  However, law and ethics are incredibly different. A law is something that must be followed no matter what the case; otherwise, prosecution of the individual who broke the law can occur. On the other hand, ethics are what, to many, a person should do, or what the cultural “norm” would be. For instance, it is expected that during class, to ask a question or make a comment, one should raise his/her hand. With that being said, it the person does not do this, they can’t be charged with any misdemeanors or federal because this is not in writing. On the other hand, if a person is driving down the road and is going 90 miles per hour in a 60 zone, this is breaking the law and can cause a speeding ticket or a charge for reckless driving. 

            There also is another important distinction to make in the case of ethics: what is ethical to some may not be ethical to others. Because of different and contrasting cultures within the United States and the remainder of the world, people have different opinions and ideologies of what is right and wrong. In speaking of religion, Catholics believe going to church and worshiping God is incredibly necessary, thus those who don’t attend church are not followers of God. To counter, an Atheist, for example does not believe this. Instead, Atheists do not believe in God and don’t feel like one should be frowned upon in this belief. Other examples of different ethics include the argument to pay college athletes, whether college is necessary to attend, and if social media is something everyone should have and regularly use. 

            In terms of social media, the landscapes of today makes things so that it is almost a necessity to have social media apps. Sites such as Facebook, Twitter and Instagram are connecting so many more individuals at such a rapid pace, which makes for a faster and effective communication tool. Another positive comes in the form of positive communication and effective communication. In the event of a natural disaster, for example, response will automatically become quicker and donation campaigns can help to fund relief efforts. However, there are many negative aspects of social media. First, many individuals can become depressed or even suicidal by reading comments that seem derogatory towards someone. Social media dissuades people from having face to face conversations to resolve issues and instead encourages an environment in which anyone can say anything without repercussions. 

Shooting a Live Event – A5

                        After reading and filming the event from the previous weekend, I now understand exactly how difficult it can be to be able to put together a decent photo and video of an event. Although it may seem simple while simply looking at a picture online, there is a tremendous amount of work that goes into covering a single event. 

            In my case, the event I decided to shoot was the Press Club of Toledo 2019 Touchstone Awards, which was difficult for a number of reasons. First, the lighting was extremely difficult to deal with, as the lights within the building made it difficult to have correct lighting within the Toledo Club. Additionally, it was hard to have to fandangle my way by those attending the event, as many people were constantly walking by my camera angle in order to get to others. This is where the book readings were incredibly helpful, in the way how I was taught to shoot at proper angles and use artificial light to my advantage when either back lighting or not back lighting individuals. When it came to gathering specific captions, the only difficulty was acquiring names from people, just in case I decided to post any pictures with people in them. I also had to make sire to receive people’s permission in order to take a picture and post of them. Because there were lots of those I already knew from other news organizations, it made this eay to obtain permission and names. 

            However, there was an incredibly difficult part of the event, and this was being able to take photos during the actual awards presentation. Because I was both a reporter covering the event and a nominee, I needed to make sure there was ample opportunity to take pictures, but didn’t want to seem rude while awards were being presented. This brought me back to some information in the book and that has happened in my life, which is to not be afraid to capture the moment, because the worry of maddening people could be the difference between capturing the best moment or not.

This past Friday was a great opportunity to put what I learned from class as well as the textbook readings in a live event that would challenge my abilities in the field of multimedia journalism. 

#UToledointegratedmedia      #storytelling    #photojournalism        #mojo  #smartphonepix

A6 – Toledo Men’s Basketball Season Preview

October 22, 2019 – The Toledo Rockets Men’s Basketball team is preparing for the 2019-2020 basketball season, with high anticipation after a disappointing 80-76 loss to Northern Illinois in the 2018 MAC Tournament in Cleveland. Last season was capped by a 25-8 record, including a 13-5 mark in the Mid American Conference, one of the best league records in UT Rockets history. However, the team will not look exactly the same as last season. The Midnight Blue and Gold will be without the services of both Jaelan Sanford and Nate Navigato, who graduated. Navigato was the team leader in 3 point percentage, while Sanford continued to be a valuable asset as a starting guard for head coach Tod Kowalczyk. This year, however, there will be many familiar faces, including three returning starters. Guard Marreon Jackson will enter his Junior season as one of the top point guards in the MAC after a stellar end to last season. The third year player began his great play with UT in the 2017 MAC tournament, including hitting a game winning shot to defeat Eastern Michigan. Another starter back will be Willie Jackson, the emotional leader of the team. Jackson isn’t known as much for his scoring prowess, but has the ability to bring the Rockets to life during rough stretches will help to pace UT throughout the year. 2019-20 will also see the return of Luke Knapke. Hailing from Maria Stein, Ohio and standing at a monstrous 6’11”, Knapke will be a threat from inside, as one of the teams leading rebounders from a season ago. Knapke also has great touch from long range when needed and will be assigned to hold down the fort for the Toledo defense throughout the course of the year. Newcomers such as Luke Maranka and T.J. Smith will provide help off the bench, as will veteran Spencer Littleson, who can only be described as a key role player, and, sometimes, a “firecracker”. Tod Kowalczyk will once again be behind the bench to lead the Midnight Blue and Gold for this years campaign. Interning his 10th season, Tod not only helped lead the Rockets to the 2nd most wins in program history last year (25), but he also has helped to elevate his players off the court. Kowalczyk was recently named the charm of the NCAA Division 1 Ethics Coalition, which cements his legacy as being a mentor both on and off the floor. While the losses of both Sanford and Navigato will drive difficult for UT to overcome, many are confident that another chance to sniff MAC glory will result come March.

A7 – Weekend Sports Update

The final week of October proved to be an exhilarating one in Glass City sports, with high school, college and professional games aplenty. On Wednesday, the Columbus Blue Jackets took to Nationwide Arena looking to avenge their prior 4-3 overtime loss when the faced Connor McDavid and the Edmonton Oilers. Edmonton got off to a fast start in the first period, tallying on a James Neal powerplay goal to make the score 1-0. Later on, with three minutes left to play in the period, it was Leon Draisaitl ripping his 11th of the season, tying him with Neal for most goals on the team, and after one period, it was 2-0 Oilers. To start the second, the visitors would double their lead from 2-0 to 4-0 when Jujhar Khaira and Draisaitl scored back to back. That would be all the Oilers would score in the game, and the Blue Jackets would try to forge a comeback with Zach Werenski lighting the lamp on the powerplay to put Columbus within three after 40 minutes. In the third, both goaltenders remained stout and the score remained 4-1, thus being the final.

On Halloween afternoon, Paul Hotmer Field was alive with the Battle of I-75 as the Toledo Rockets tried to fight their way into the MAC tournament against rival Bowling Green. No teams scored in the first half thanks to some brilliant goaltending by UT netminder Adrianna Brewer, who made five saves throughout the half. The second half was a different story. 43 seconds after kickoff, Chelsee Washington found an open space in the box and put the ball into the twine, springing a 1-0 Falcon advantage. Toledo had never won a home game while trailing all season but seemed to be on the comeback trail when Abby Demboski was fouled in the ox and was awarded a penalty kick. She converted, and it was 1-1 just as quickly. But the Bowling Green offense was too much to handle. 11 shots on goal in the game resulted in two more visitor goals tallied by Nikki Cox and Kennedy White. The final score read 3-1 Falcons, giving them the MAC regular season title and eliminating Toledo from tournament consideration.

Friday evening saw a battle in the Toledo City League with the Waite Indians carrying a two game winning streak into Rogers to face the 5-3 Rams. The game began with an explosion of offense as the first three drives of the game all resulting in touchdowns and aiding Waite to a 14-7 edge. Early in the second quarter, Indians senior QB Javon Pratt scrambled for his first rushing touchdown of the game, and his third overall. Waite lead 20-7 at the break, but the lead was trimmed to six when Rogers marched down the field to open the third. The turning point of the contest took place midway through the third, when, after Rogers forced an Indians punt, fumbled deep in their own territory on the very first play of the drive. Waite capitalized, scoring again, and would go on to rout the Rams, 38-14. Javon Pratt finished the game with four scores in his final appearance dawning a Waite uniform.

The weekend concluded at Cedar Point Stadium in Sandusky, Ohio for the Division I Regional Girls Soccer Final for the undefeated Anthony Wayne Generals and last years state runner up Strongsville Mustangs. The winner would move on to the state semifinals, and it seeded as if that would be Anthony Wayne early on. The Generals got two quick goals in the first half, with Brynn and Emilie Gardner using great set pieces to spring a 2-0 advantage. That would be the halftime score, but the shutout didn’t last long into the second half. Strongsville would cut into the lead on a goal eight minutes into the second and kept obsession in the Generals zone for much of the second half. But still, as they had done all season, AW responded. Off a rare second half corner kick, E. Gardner used her head to rip it past the goalkeeper and increase the lead to 3-1. Despite a late Mustang goal with only six minutes to play, Anthony Wayne held on, 3-2, for the Regional Title. The Generals next opponent will be Medina on November 5th in the state semifinals.

#utoledointegratedmedia #storytelling#photojournalism#mojo#smartphonepix

A8 – Podcast

In the second to final assignment for the Integrated Media Class, I was tasked with completing a podcast of 10-15 minutes in length. There were many things I was able to learn and obtain during this assignment, many of which I did not previously think about while creating other podcasts.

First, with the 10-15 minute rule, it because critical for me to keep the interview subject on track. Because of the nature of most podcasts being upwards of 2-3 hours in length, it can be easy for an interview participant to go on a long diatribe when asked a question. In my instance, my normal podcast lasts up to an hour and had generally loose, open ended questions. In this 10-15 minute format, it because crucial for me to keep my interviewee on task to answer the question in a concise manner. Also, I needed to make sure that my questions were prepared in advance and asked clearly so that the interview subject knew exactly what what was needed in order to answer. I found that in this podcast specifically, most answers to questions needed to be about one to two minutes in total in order to keep the flow of the entire podcast.

Another aspect of this podcast that was different from my normal show was the question and answer format. Most of the time, when I conduct the longer version of my podcasts, the show can morph into a debate style podcast in which there aren’t as many direct questions, but rather back and forth banter. During this podcast, it was paramount that I made sure that I didn’t start to interrupt the answer to the question even if I disagreed with the response. This can be a weakness of mine that works as a strength in the debate aspect, but with limited time, it required me to be sole focused on the questions I had and the answers the interview subject gave during the podcast.

The final component of this podcast assignment that was crucial in bolstering my knowledge was the ability to ask questions that weren’t originally on the “list”. For example, when listening to my podcast, there are several questions (i.e. “is Toledo going to have a shot at the MAC title?”) that were not intended to be asked. However, because of something I was able to pick up from another answer, I felt like these questions were necessary to ask. I found it important to really listen to what your interview subject has to say, because part of their answer to one question could inspire you to ask another that is related to the topic. In fact, I found that the ladder portion of my podcast was the portion I found to flow the best, because many of the questions I asked were better streamlined from previous ones, instead of sounding monotonous and reading from a list. Being able to ask critical and important questions off the cuff is a skill that I believe any great podcaster must have to be successful.

I truly was in awe of the amount I learned from this short version podcast assignment. In addition to all of the aspects above, I realized that it is important to have conversation with experts in a particular field, so I too could learn more about the particular subject.

A9 – Facebook Live

UT:10 News BTS

LIVE: Ever wonder how long 10 minutes take? (Hint: it's longer than 10 minutes!)We took a look at some of the behind the scenes work done before a production of UT:10 News! Join me as we peek at the following:Control Room (includes audio board, teleprompter, graphics, video, technical directing), Studio (news desk, cameras, reporter cameos)Interview: Justyn Wilson (Director) and other UT:10 News students

Posted by Isaac Petkac on Tuesday, December 3, 2019